Author(s): Gupta A, Halleran SM, Krishnan K, Trohman RG
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Abstract Surgical lead placement is generally considered as a last resort for patients who require permanent pacing and who are unable to accommodate transvenous leads. The technique is limited by the need for direct epicardial access and reduced reliability of epicardial leads (compared with modern transvenous leads) [Belott and Reynolds. Permanent pacemaker and implantable cardioverter defibrillator implantation. In Ellenbogen KA, Kay GN, Lau CP, Wilkoff BL (eds). Clinical Cardiac Pacing, Defibrillation, and Resynchronization Therapy. Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier, 2007; pp. 561-651]. We report a patient with limited venous access and a poorly functioning epicardial ventricular lead, who was successfully upgraded to a dual-chamber endocardial pacing system via the iliac vein. Pacemaker lead implantation from the iliac vein is an often overlooked option for patients with limited central venous access. In our patient, a pacing upgrade was achieved after the presumptive final option had been exhausted.
This article was published in Europace
and referenced in Endocrinology & Metabolic Syndrome