Author(s): Achterberg W, Pot AM, van Campen C, Ribbe M
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Abstract This article is a review of the available literature on psychometric qualities and effects of implementation of the Resident Assessment Instrument (RAI) on quality of care and health of nursing homes residents. The RAI was developed in the USA to assess the needs of nursing home residents. It consists of a comprehensive assessment of the resident (the Minimum Data Set) and 18 protocols (Resident Assessment Protocols) for further analysis of major problem areas. RAI is implemented in nursing homes in the United States, Canada, Japan and several European countries. The interrater reliability was adequate for clinical use in several studies. The validity is good for the appraisal of ADL- and cognitive functions, but moderate for mood and behaviour. In Japan and the United States positive effects were found after implementation of the RAI, especially on the care process. Implementation of RAI has shown to have positive effects on the physical and cognitive function of the resident, but there were negative effects on a number of psychosocial domains. Fourteen Dutch nursing homes have recently implemented the RAI. Studies concerning reliability, validity and effects on quality of care and quality of life are underway.
This article was published in Tijdschr Gerontol Geriatr
and referenced in Journal of Alzheimers Disease & Parkinsonism