alexa Resistance to insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in adipocytes isolated from spontaneously hypertensive rats.

Journal of Autacoids and Hormones

Author(s): Reaven GM, Chang H, Hoffman BB, Azhar S

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The ability of insulin to stimulate glucose uptake and inhibit catecholamine-induced lipolysis was measured in adipocytes of similar size isolated from SHR and WKY rats. The results indicate that glucose transport was decreased in adipocytes from SHR rats; both basal (19 +/- 2 vs. 32 +/- 2 fmol.cell-1.s-1, P less than .001) and maximal (207 +/- 30 vs. 373 +/- 20 fmol.cell-1.s-1, P less than .01) insulin-stimulated glucose transport were lower in SHR than in WKY rats. In addition, the EC50 of insulin-stimulated glucose uptake was higher (921 +/- 82 vs. 557 +/- 69 pM insulin, P less than .05) in adipocytes from SHR rats than from WKY rats. The ability of phenylisopropyladenosine (PIA) to modulate basal and maximal insulin-stimulated glucose uptake was compared in adipocytes from SHR and WKY rats. These results also demonstrated that glucose uptake was decreased in adipocytes from SHR rats and that PIA similarly enhanced both basal and maximal insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in adipocytes from both groups. Although maximal isoproterenol-stimulated lipolysis was decreased in adipocytes from SHR rats, the ability of insulin to inhibit catecholamine-stimulated lipolysis was at least as great in adipocytes from SHR as from WKY rats. Despite the decrease in insulin-stimulated glucose transport in isolated adipocytes from SHR rats, total number of insulin receptors, their affinity for insulin, and the ability of insulin to stimulate receptor-associated tyrosine kinase activity were similar in adipocytes from SHR and WKY rats.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
This article was published in Diabetes and referenced in Journal of Autacoids and Hormones

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords