Author(s): Gorbunov NV, Garrison BR, Kiang JG
Abstract Share this page
Abstract Ionizing irradiation causes damage and functional failure of irradiation-sensitive systems and tissues such as small intestine. The molecular mechanisms underlying inflammatory and adaptive responses to acute irradiation damage are poorly understood. Using a mouse model of total-body γ-irradiation, we assessed the irradiation response of crypt host-defense Paneth cells by measuring alpha-defensin 4 (AD4) expression and correlated the gathered data with activation of the caspase-1/IL-1β inflammatory signaling cascade. The irradiation injury was produced in CD2F1 mice exposed to 9.25 Gy γ-radiation. This dose resulted in 85-100 percent mortality at the 15(th) day post-irradiation. Small intestine tissue samples were collected at the 7th day post-irradiation. Assessment of irradiation-associated pro-inflammatory alterations in small intestine tissue and expression of AD4 in Paneth cells was conducted using confocal immunofluorescence imaging, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), light microscopy, and immunoblotting techniques. The small intestine analysis revealed an increase in the precursor form of IL-1β, the activated form of IL-1β, and the activated form of caspase-1 (p10 CASP-1) at the 7(th) day post-irradiation. Immunoprecipitation analysis showed increased interaction between IL-1β and p10 CASP-1 after irradiation. This effect was observed in the irradiated small intestine and CD15-positive Paneth cells using confocal imaging techniques. The pro-inflammatory alterations in Paneth cells were accompanied by increases in AD4 mRNA and its 8 kD peptide product. Paneth cell secretory activity was observed at the sites of bacterial translocation in the crypt lumens. These data suggest that Paneth cells can contribute to small intestine inflammatory remodeling during the post-irradiation period.
This article was published in Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol
and referenced in Journal of Cell Science & Therapy