Author(s): LagunasAllu L, SanzAsensio J, MartnezSoria MT
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Abstract In this work, a simple and low-cost method based on matrix solid-phase dispersion (MSPD) and gas chromatography to determine eight multi-class pesticides such as vinclozolin, dichlofluanid, penconazol, captan, quinoxyfen, fluquinconazol, boscalid, and pyraclostrobin in grapes is described. Fungicide residues were identified and quantified using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry in selected ion monitoring mode (GC-MS, SIM). The experimental variables that affect the MSPD method, such as the amount of solid phase, solvent nature and elution volume were optimized using an experimental design. The best results were obtained using 0.5 g of grapes, 1.0 g of silica as clean-up sorbent, 1.50 g of C(18) as bonded phase and 10 mL of dichloromethane/ethyl acetate (1:1, v/v) as eluting solvent. Significant matrix effects observed for most of the pesticides tested were eliminated using matrix-matched standards. The pesticide recoveries in grapes samples were better than 80\% except for captan. Intra-laboratory precision in terms of Horwitz ratio of the pesticides evaluated was below 0.5, suggesting ruggedness of the method. The quantification limits of the pesticides were in the range of 3.4-8.7 microg kg(-1), which were lower than the maximum residue limits (MRLs) of the pesticides in grapes samples established by the European legislation. Decision limits (CCalpha) and detection capability (CCbeta) have been calculated. The expanded uncertainties at two levels of concentration were <20\% for all analytes.
This article was published in Anal Bioanal Chem
and referenced in Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences