alexa Responses of the skin microcirculation to acetylcholine and sodium nitroprusside in patients with NIDDM.
Clinical Sciences

Clinical Sciences

Cardiovascular Pharmacology: Open Access

Author(s): Morris SJ, Shore AC, Tooke JE

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of microangiopathy occurring in non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) are unclear. In the present study, blood flow responses to the vasodilators acetylcholine (which acts via the endothelium) and sodium nitroprusside (a smooth muscle relaxant) were evaluated in this patient group. In 14 male patients with NIDDM, treated with either diet alone (n = 6) or diet plus insulin, (mean age 59 years) and 14 age-pair-matched control subjects, forearm skin perfusion following multiple doses of iontophoretically applied 1\% acetylcholine and 0.01\% sodium nitroprusside was recorded by laser Doppler perfusion imaging. Basal skin blood flow was not significantly different in the diabetic group compared with the control group. The following results are expressed as drug-minus-vehicle response. Acetylcholine significantly increased forearm skin perfusion (p < 0.001, analysis of variance) in all subjects, but the vasodilatation was attenuated in the patient group compared with control subjects (0.86 +/- 0.09 vs 1.36 +/- 0.14 arbitrary units of volts (V) respectively, at the fifth measurement point, mean +/- SEM, p < 0.01). Skin perfusion significantly increased following sodium nitroprusside (p < 0.001) but was lower in patients than control subjects (0.12 +/- 0.05 vs 0.45 +/- 0.11 V, respectively, at the fifth measurement point, p < 0.01). These data suggest that endothelial and/or smooth muscle function may be impaired in the skin microcirculation of patients with NIDDM.
This article was published in Diabetologia and referenced in Cardiovascular Pharmacology: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords