Author(s): Armstrong BD, Abad C, Chhith S, Rodriguez W, CheungLau G,
Abstract Share this page
Abstract PACAP is a neuropeptide with putative neuroprotective, regenerative, and immunomodulatory actions. PACAP mRNA is up-regulated in motor neurons following facial nerve axotomy in wild type, but not immunodeficient SCID mice. Because CD4+ lymphocytes appear to be neuroprotective in facial nerve and other injury models, we studied PACAP gene expression in SCID mice preinfused with CD4+ enriched splenocytes. Whereas the mean number of PACAP hybridizing neurons after axotomy was reduced by 75\% in uninfused SCID mice, infusion of CD4+ enriched splenocytes restored the number to a value not significantly different than controls. The CD4+ cell-dependent induction of PACAP in motor neurons may thus be a factor in the cascade of events triggered by immune cells that ultimately lead to nerve regeneration.
This article was published in Neuroreport
and referenced in Journal of Alzheimers Disease & Parkinsonism