alexa Restriction of P-element insertions at the Notch locus of Drosophila melanogaster.


Biochemistry & Physiology: Open Access

Author(s): Kelley MR, Kidd S, Berg RL, Young MW

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Abstract P elements move about the Drosophila melanogaster genome in a nonrandom fashion, preferring some chromosomal targets for insertion over others (J. C. J. Eeken, F. H. Sobels, V. Hyland, and A. P. Schalet, Mutat. Res. 150:261-275, 1985; W. R. Engels, Annu. Rev. Genet. 17:315-344, 1983; M. D. Golubovsky, Y. N. Ivanov, and M. M. Green, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 74:2973-2975, 1977; M. J. Simmons and J. K. Lim, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 77:6042-6046, 1980). Some of this specificity may be due to recognition of a particular DNA sequence in the target DNA; derivatives of an 8-base-pair consensus sequence are occupied by these transposable elements at many different chromosomal locations (K. O'Hare and G. M. Rubin, Cell 34:25-36, 1983). An additional level of specificity of P-element insertions is described in this paper. Of 14 mutations induced in the complex locus Notch by hybrid dysgenesis, 13 involved P-element insertions at or near the transcription start site of the gene. This clustering was not seen in other transposable element-induced mutations of Notch. DNA sequences homologous to the previously described consensus target for P-element insertion are not preferentially located in this region of the locus. The choice of a chromosomal site for integration appears to be based on more subtle variations in chromosome structure that are probably associated with activation or expression of the target gene.
This article was published in Mol Cell Biol and referenced in Biochemistry & Physiology: Open Access

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