alexa Resveratrol causes WAF-1 p21-mediated G(1)-phase arrest of cell cycle and induction of apoptosis in human epidermoid carcinoma A431 cells.
Nutrition

Nutrition

Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences

Author(s): Ahmad N, Adhami VM, Afaq F, Feyes DK, Mukhtar H

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Resveratrol (trans-3,4',5,-trihydroxystilbene), a phytoalexin found in grapes, nuts, fruits, and red wine, is a potent antioxidant with cancer-preventive properties. The mechanism by which resveratrol imparts cancer chemopreventive effects is not clearly defined. Here, we demonstrate that resveratrol, via modulations in cyclin-dependent kinase (cdk) inhibitor-cyclin-cdk machinery, results in a G(1)-phase arrest of the cell cycle followed by apoptosis of human epidermoid carcinoma (A431) cells. Resveratrol treatment (1-50 microM for 24 h) of A431 cells resulted in a dose-dependent (a) inhibition of cell growth as shown by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay, (b) G(1)-phase arrest of the cell cycle as shown by DNA cell cycle analysis, and (c) induction of apoptosis as assessed by ELISA. The immunoblot analysis revealed that resveratrol treatment causes a dose- and time-dependent (a) induction of WAF1/p21; (b) decrease in the protein expressions of cyclin D1, cyclin D2, and cyclin E; and (c) decrease in the protein expressions of cdk2, cdk4, and cdk6. Resveratrol treatment was also found to result in a dose- and time-dependent decrease in kinase activities associated with all of the cdks examined. Taken together, our study suggests that resveratrol treatment of the cells causes an induction of WAF1/p21 that inhibits cyclin D1/D2-cdk6, cyclin D1/D2-cdk4, and cyclin E-cdk2 complexes, thereby imposing an artificial checkpoint at the G(1)-->S transition of the cell cycle. This series of events results in a G(1)-phase arrest of the cell cycle, which is an irreversible process that ultimately results in the apoptotic death of cancer cells. To our knowledge, this is the first systematic study showing the involvement of each component of cdk inhibitor-cyclin-cdk machinery during cell cycle arrest and apoptosis of cancer cells by resveratrol.
This article was published in Clin Cancer Res and referenced in Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • Public Health, Epidemiology & Nutrition
    November 13-14, 2017 Osaka, Japan
  • Food Processing & Technology
    December 05-07, 2016 San Antonio, USA
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords