Author(s): Casanova F, Quarti J, da Costa DC, Ramos CA, da Silva JL,
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Abstract Melphalan (MEL) is a chemotherapeutic agent used in breast cancer therapy; however, MEL's side effects limit its clinical applications. In the last 20 years, resveratrol (RSV), a polyphenol found in grape skins, has been proposed to reduce the risk of cancer development. The aim of this study was to investigate whether RSV would be able to enhance the antitumor effects of MEL in MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells. RSV potentiated the cytotoxic effects of MEL in human breast cancer cells. This finding was related to the ability of RSV to sensitize MCF-7 cells to MEL-induced apoptosis. The sensitization by RSV involved the enhancement of p53 levels, the decrease of procaspase 8 and the activation of caspases 7 and 9. Another proposed mechanism for the chemosensitization effect of MCF-7 cells to MEL by RSV was the cell cycle arrest in the S phase. The treatment with RSV or MEL increased the levels of p-Chk2. The increase became pronounced in the combined treatments of the compounds. The expression of cyclin A was decreased by treatment with RSV and by the combination of RSV with MEL. While the levels of cyclin dependent kinase 2 (CDK2) remained unchanged by treatments, its active form (Thr(160) -phosphorylated CDK2) was decreased by treatment with RSV and by the combination of RSV with MEL. The activity of CDK7, kinase that phosphorylates CDK2 at Thr(160), was inhibited by RSV and by the combination of RSV with MEL. These results indicate that RSV could be used as an adjuvant agent during breast cancer therapy with MEL. Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
This article was published in J Cell Biochem
and referenced in Journal of Cytology & Histology