Author(s): Fang Y, DeMarco VG, Nicholl MB
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Abstract Radiation therapy (XRT) for treatment of localized prostate cancer (PCA) has outcomes similar to surgery and medical therapy. Toxicities of XRT and the relative radioresistance of PCA limit the effectiveness of this treatment method. Safe and effective radiosensitizing agents are lacking to enhance the effectiveness for XRT for PCA. In this study, the effect of XRT in combination with the radiosensitizing agent resveratrol (RSV) was investigated in a radioresistant PCA cell line, PC-3. Our results show the addition of RSV to XRT (XRT/RSV) synergistically enhanced XRT-induced apoptosis and inhibition of PC-3 proliferation. The antiproliferative effect of XRT/RSV treatment correlated with increased expression of p15, p21, and mutant p53 and decreased expression of cyclin B, cyclin D, and cdk2. Increased apoptosis correlated with increased expression of Fas and TRAILR1. Furthermore, XRT/RSV had little effect on the expression of p-AKT, whereas it increased the expression level of p-H2A.X, a marker for senescence. These data highlight the potential of RSV as a radiation sensitizer for PCA treatment and warrant further investigation. © 2012 Japanese Cancer Association.
This article was published in Cancer Sci
and referenced in Journal of Cytology & Histology