alexa RET PTC and RET tyrosine kinase expression in adult papillary thyroid carcinomas.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Thyroid Disorders & Therapy

Author(s): Learoyd DL, Messina M, Zedenius J, Guinea AI, Delbridge LW,

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Abstract The prevalence of RET/PTC rearrangements in papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTCs) varies widely in different studies, and an association of RET/PTC presence with tumor behavior remains to be clarified. A prospective study of 50 adult PTCs examined, using RT-PCR, the prevalence of the 3 main RET rearrangements and also of RET tyrosine kinase (TK) domain sequence expression. The genetic findings were correlated with the MACIS clinical prognostic score and with individual clinical parameters. Three of the patients had been exposed to radiation in childhood or adolescence. Four of the PTCs contained RET/PTC1, confirmed by sequencing, and none contained RET/PTC2 or RET/PTC3. The prevalence of RET rearrangements overall was 8\%, but in the subgroup of 3 radiation-exposed patients it was 66.6\%. Interestingly, RET tyrosine kinase domain messenger ribonucleic acid was detectable in 70\% of PTCs using RET exon 12/13 primers and was detectable in 24\% of PTCs using RET exon 15/17 primers. RT-PCR for calcitonin and RET extracellular domain, however, was negative. There was no association between the presence or absence of RET/PTC in the patient's tumor and clinical parameters. We conclude that RET/PTC1 is the predominant rearrangement in PTCs from adults with a history of external irradiation in childhood. RET TK messenger ribonucleic acid expression is common in PTCs, using RT-PCR, and cannot be used to infer the presence of specific RET rearrangements or of RET activation. This article was published in J Clin Endocrinol Metab and referenced in Journal of Thyroid Disorders & Therapy

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