alexa Retention and stability--taking various treatment parameters into account.
Dentistry

Dentistry

Dentistry

Author(s): Lang G, Alfter G, Gz G, Lang GH

Abstract Share this page

Abstract PATIENTS AND METHOD: In order to assess stability after orthodontic treatment, 132 patients who had been treated by one orthodontist in private practice were examined 6 years on average after completion of their treatment. Therapeutically induced movements and post-therapeutic changes were measured using dental casts, and the number of cases which had relapsed was calculated as a percentage of the individual measurements. The extent of post-therapeutic changes in patients with and without long-term retention was analyzed together with possible correlations with retention time and retainer type. Furthermore, the influence of gender, Angle classification, treatment-induced changes, initiation, type and duration of therapy, and extraction of premolars on the development of relapse was also investigated. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Some degree of relapse was recorded in 13\% of the measurements on average, even in patients with some form of long-term retention. However, it may be possible to reduce the relapse rate by taking account of the following criteria: Retention time should be increased in cases of short-term therapy, since relapse was found to occur more often on average (19\%) when the treatment time was less than 3 years than when it was longer than 4 years (13\%). As the highest relapse rate registered was 24\% when therapy was started between the ages of 9 and 12 years, but was up to 42\% in younger and older patients, there should be more extensive retention in these latter cases. Where there is a risk of relapse in the anterior arch, fixed lingual retainers should be given preference over removable ones. This is especially applicable to male patients and to non-extraction patients, as relapses in the anterior segment occurred more often or were more marked in these cases. The use of removable retainers is necessary when the transverse stability of the buccal segment is at risk. When only fixed retainers were used in the anterior area, relapses were recorded 6-31\% more frequently in the interpremolar distance in the maxilla (21\%) and the mandible (35\%), and in the lower intermolar distance (27\%). In particular, the use of a removable mandibular retainer should not be dispensed with after bicuspid extractions, transverse expansion and, in female patients, in the lower jaw, as relapse in the buccal segment was more marked or more common in such cases. On the basis of our clinical findings and of earlier studies, the retention time should be at least 2 years. The retainer type used has been found to be just as important as the retention time. If optimum relapse prevention is aimed at, fixed maxillary and mandibular retainers in the anterior region should be combined with a removable retainer and worn until the patients reach their late twenties.
This article was published in J Orofac Orthop and referenced in Dentistry

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords