alexa Retinoic acid affects the expression rate of the differentiation-related genes aryl hydrocarbon receptor, ARNT and keratin 4 in proliferative keratinocytes only.
Dermatology

Dermatology

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Dermatology Research

Author(s): Wanner R, Panteleyev A, Henz BM, Rosenbach T

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The environmental contaminant dioxin exerts most of its effects by activating the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR). The AhR is considered to play not only a role in the regulation of xenobiotic metabolism, but also for development, growth, and differentiation. The transcript levels of the AhR and its associated translocator protein (ARNT) were found to increase with ongoing differentiation in the human keratinocyte cell line HaCaT. Correspondingly, in situ hybridization studies in normal human skin revealed an absence of AhR-expression in proliferating basal cells and increasing transcript levels in upper cell layers, in dependence of keratinocyte differentiation. AhR expression in differentiation-deficient hyperproliferative psoriatic skin was markedly decreased. When keratinocytes were continuously treated with 1 microM retinoic acid (RA), the upregulation of AhR- and ARNT-mRNA levels was inhibited as was keratin 4-expression, a marker of HaCaT-keratinocyte differentiation. In contrast, treatment of already differentiated cells with RA did not down-regulate these transcript levels. The mRNA levels of the prevalent retinoic acid receptors in keratinocytes, RAR gamma and RXR alpha, were not influenced by the process of differentiation or by addition of RA. Our data suggest that the regulation of AhR-, ARNT- and keratin 4-expression by RA is indirect and mediated by a yet to be identified factor.
This article was published in Biochim Biophys Acta and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Dermatology Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords