Author(s): Pimenta FA, Simil FF, Trres HO, Amaral CF, Rezende CF,
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: Increase of the elderly in the Brazilian population demands assessment of aspects that interfere with the retirees' quality of life. METHODS: The Brazilian version of SF-36 questionnaire was applied to 87 retirees at their homes. Data on quality of life was associated with demographic data, socioeconomic status, health conditions and life style. Statistical analysis of data was performed using single-variable and multivariate analysis. RESULTS: The mean age was 57.3 years (standard deviation 8.9 years) and the mean retirement time was 7.1 years. Fifty-five percent were early retirements due to disability and 23.4\% of those queried were still working when research was carried out. Smokers were 11.5\% and 5.7 \% were diagnosed as alcohol dependent by CAGE criteria. Depression and arterial systemic hypertension were the most prevalent conditions and 56.3\% of the retirees practiced regular physical activity. Multivariate analysis disclosed that regular physical activity and post-retirement occupation were the only variables associated with improved quality of life. CONCLUSION: The SF-36 questionnaire was a suitable instrument, relatively quick and easy to use. The quality of life was associated with life style, as indicated by the practice of physical activities and post-retirement occupation. Actions are needed to enable retirees to improve their life style after retirement.
This article was published in Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992)
and referenced in Journal of Novel Physiotherapies