alexa Reversal of experimental diabetes in mice by transplantation of neo-islets generated from human amnion-derived mesenchymal stromal cells using immuno-isolatory macrocapsules.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy

Author(s): Kadam SS, Sudhakar M, Nair PD, Bhonde RR

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND AIMS: The ethical and biologic limitations with current sources of stem cells have resulted in a quest to look for alternative sources of multipotent stem cells of human origin. Amniotic membrane is of interest as a source of cells for regenerative medicine because of its ease of availability, plasticity and inexhaustible source that does not violate the sanctity of independent life. Although researchers have shown the stem cell-like potential of human amniotic epithelial cells, the mesenchymal part of amnion has remained less explored. METHODS: We established a long-term culture of mesenchymal-like stem cells derived from full-term human amniotic membrane and their differentiation into functional pancreatic lineage. RESULTS: The amnion-derived mesenchymal-like stem cells expressed various mesenchymal markers and demonstrated multilineage differentiation capacity. We also observed that these cells could form islet-like clusters (ILC) on exposure to serum-free defined media containing specific growth factor and differentiating agents. Differentiated ILC showed expression of human insulin, glucagon and somatostatin by immunocytochemistry, while quantitative reverse transcription/real-time-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) data demonstrated the expression of insulin, glucagon, somatostatin, Ngn3 and Isl1. Moreover, encapsulation of the ILC in polyurethane-polyvinyl pyrrolidone macrocapsules and their subsequent transplantation in experimental diabetic mice resulted in restoration of normoglycemia, indicating their ability to respond to high glucose without immunorejection. CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrate that amnion-derived mesenchymal stromal cells can undergo islet neogenesis, indicating amnion as an alternative source of islets for cell replacement therapy in diabetes. This article was published in Cytotherapy and referenced in Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords