alexa Reversal of multiple drug resistance in cholangiocarcinoma by the glutathione S-transferase-pi-specific inhibitor O1-hexadecyl-gamma-glutamyl-S-benzylcysteinyl-D-phenylglycine ethylester.
Oncology

Oncology

Journal of Carcinogenesis & Mutagenesis

Author(s): Nakajima T, Takayama T, Miyanishi K, Nobuoka A, Hayashi T,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Cholangiocarcinoma is markedly resistant to chemotherapy and has a dismal prognosis, but its mechanism of drug resistance is unknown. This study examines whether glutathione S-transferase-pi (GSTP1-1) is involved in resistance to anticancer drugs in cholangiocarcinoma and whether GSTP1-1-specific inhibitors can overcome this resistance. First, immunohistochemical examination disclosed strong staining of all our 17 cholangiocarcinoma specimens for GSTP1-1, irrespective of histological type. Transfection of the GSTP1-1 antisense expression vector into a human cholangiocarcinoma cell line (HuCCT1) apparently decreased its intracellular GSTP1-1 concentration, and the sensitivity of transfectants to adriamycin (ADR), cisplatin, and alkylating agents such as melphalan and 4-hydroxyperoxycyclophosphamide (4-HC) was increased significantly, compared with that of mock transfectants. We next synthesized GSTP1-1-specific inhibitors by elongating the carbon chain of the ethylester at the N-terminal of gamma-glutamyl-S-benzylcysteinyl-phenylglycyl diethylester and performed a pharmacokinetic study on them. Of six GSTP1-1 inhibitors tested, O1-hexadecyl-gamma-glutamyl-S-benzylcysteinyl-d-phenylglycine ethylester (C16C2) showed the smallest volume of central compartment and smallest volume of distribution at steady state and the second smallest clearance, being the most effective inhibitor in vivo. The IC50 value of ADR or 4-HC for HuCCT1 cells decreased greater by treatment with C16C2 in a dose-dependent manner, paralleling the decrease in GSTP1-1 activity, than that of ADR or 4-HC alone. The antitumor activity of ADR or cyclophosphamide was clearly enhanced by combination therapy with C16C2 in a xenograft model. In conclusion, our results demonstrated that GSTP1-1 is a resistance factor for anticancer drugs in cholangiocarcinoma and that C16C2, a GSTP1-1-specific inhibitor, is a potent agent against the resistance. This article was published in J Pharmacol Exp Ther and referenced in Journal of Carcinogenesis & Mutagenesis

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords