Author(s): Kurioka S, Koshimura K, Murakami Y, Nishiki M, Kato Y
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Abstract We studied the possible relationship between nitric oxide (NO) production and insulin resistance in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Urine NO metabolites (NOx) were measured as an index for NO production by HPLC combined with a Cd column, Griess reaction and a spectrophotometer in 403 healthy control subjects and 102 hospitalized patients with type 2 diabetes. Glucose infusion rate (GIR) was measured as a reverse index for insulin resistance by euglycemic glucose clamp study using an artificial pancreas in 20 of 102 diabetic patients. Urine NOx was lower in the patients with type 2 diabetes than in healthy control subjects (mean+/-SE: 3.18 +/-0.02 versus 3.25 +/-0.01 log[-micromol/gCr], p<0.01). Urine NOx was correlated with body mass index (BMI) in 102 diabetic patients (r= -0.372, p<0.001), but not related to either age, sex, fasting plasma glucose, HbA1c or blood pressure. Urine NOx was correlated with GIR independent of BMI in 20 diabetic patients (r=0.774, P<0.0001). These findings suggest that NO production is closely related with insulin resistance in patients with type 2 diabetes.
This article was published in Endocr J
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology