Author(s): Giannessi F, Chiodi P, Marzi M, Minetti P, Pessotto P,
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Abstract A series of carnitine related compounds of general formula XCH(2)CHZRCH(2)Y were evaluated as CPT I inhibitors in intact rat liver (L-CPT I) and heart mitochondria (M-CPT I). Derivative 27 (ZR = -HNSO(2)R, R = C(12), X = trimethylammonium, Y = carboxylate, (R) form) showed the highest activity (IC(50) = 0.7 microM) along with a good selectivity (M-CPT I/L-CPTI IC(50) ratio = 4.86). Diabetic db/db mice treated orally with 27 showed a significant reduction of serum glucose levels.
This article was published in J Med Chem
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism