alexa Reversible differentiation of pro- and anti-inflammatory macrophages.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Xu W, Zhao X, Daha MR, van Kooten C

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Macrophages (Mφ) represent dynamic cell populations that develop according to the nature of environmental signals. It has been demonstrated that human Mφ can be polarized in vitro into pro-inflammatory (Mφ1) and anti-inflammatory cells (Mφ2) by the lineage-determining factors GM-CSF and M-CSF, respectively. Here we show that polarized Mφ1 and Mφ2 are not an end stage of differentiation but are able to reversibly undergo functional re-differentiation into anti-inflammatory and pro-inflammatory Mφ. GM-CSF-driven Mφ1 exposed to M-CSF for an additional 6 days obtained a Mφ2-like phenotype, inhibited the production of pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-6 and TNF-α, and exhibited a reduced T cell stimulatory capacity. Vice versa, Mφ2 exposed to GM-CSF exhibited a Mφ1-like phenotype with significant lower production of anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 and a higher T cell stimulatory activity, and a decreased capacity for phagocytosis of early apoptotic cells. Our data suggest that polarized macrophages are flexible in modulating their immune functions upon environmental changes, i.e., steady-state versus inflammatory conditions. These observations are important for our understanding of the regulatory role of macrophages in tissue homeostasis and disease pathogenesis. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This article was published in Mol Immunol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords