Author(s): Brandwein HJ, Lewicki JA, Murad F
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Abstract Highly purified preparations of guanylate cyclase from rat lung were inactivated by several disulfide compounds in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Cystamine and cystine were the most potent disulfides tested, but other compounds which contained the cysteamine moiety (NH2CH2CH2S-), including pantethine and oxidized coenzyme A, were also able to partially inactivate the enzyme. In addition to the decrease in basal activity (measured with either Mg2+-GTP or Mn2+-GTP), disulfide-inhibited enzyme was activated to a lesser extent by nitric oxide. Treatment with dithiothreitol or other reducing agents restored basal activity and increased the level of cGMP production following nitric oxide activation. Control enzyme samples exhibited a single GTP Km of 25 microM or 150 microM with Mn2+ or Mg2+, respectively. However, cystamine-treated enzyme showed these same Km values as well as an additional GTP Km of 2 to 3 microM using either metal ion as cofactor. When [35S]cystine was incubated with purified enzyme, radioactivity was incorporated into the trichloroacetic acid-precipitable protein, and the counts were released following dithiothreitol treatment. In addition, [35S]cystine-labeled enzyme co-migrated with native guanylate cyclase on nondenaturing polyacrylamide gels. These data indicate that mixed disulfides can be formed between guanylate cyclase and certain naturally occurring compounds, and that disulfide formation leads to a reversible loss of enzyme activity.
This article was published in J Biol Chem
and referenced in Journal of Biosensors & Bioelectronics