alexa Review of oximes available for treatment of nerve agent poisoning.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques

Author(s): Dawson RM

Abstract Share this page

Abstract A review was conducted of papers describing the use of N-methyl-2-pyridinealdoxime (PAM), toxogonin or HI-6 as antidotes to the nerve agents tabun, sarin, soman and VX. The review included use of the oxime alone, oxime plus atropine and oxime plus atropine plus diazepam, given therapeutically, i.e. after nerve agent, in all cases. Experiments with any of these compounds given prophylactically were not considered. The review also included protocols of pyridostigmine prophylaxis and oxime-atropine therapy (with or without diazepam). It was difficult to draw conclusions as to the best oxime to use, because of lack of data in many cases. The identity of the oxime did not appear to be important when pyridostigmine prophylaxis was combined with atropine-oxime-diazepam therapy; in these cases, very good protection was observed in guinea pigs against all four nerve agents. The choice of oxime based on the data presently available may well depend on factors other than protection against lethality, such as cost and availability of the oxime and human toxicity of the oxime. This last factor was also reviewed, and the results showed that toxogonin is likely to cause more side-effects than PAM or HI-6. The efficacy of the oximes against the emerging threat agent GF was also reviewed.
This article was published in J Appl Toxicol and referenced in Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords