alexa Review: protective efficacy of hepatitis B vaccines in neonates.


Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination

Author(s): Andr FE, Zuckerman AJ

Abstract Share this page

Abstract A literature search was carried out to investigate the factors that influence the protective efficacy (PE) of hepatitis B vaccines when given to neonates of hepatitis B surface antigen and e antigen positive mothers. Hepatitis B vaccines with either high or low antigen doses are very effective in preventing chronic hepatitis B infection in neonates at risk, but there is evidence that with lower dosages simultaneous use of hepatitis B immune globulin (HBIG) administration is more important than with higher dosages to elicit good protection (PE > or = 90\%). There is also a tendency for lower dosages to confer high PE less consistently, with noticeably greater numbers of chronic surface antigen carriers in neonates who received a complete vaccination course. Furthermore vaccination courses with higher vaccine dosages give high PEs, without concomitant HBIG administration at birth, provided that the first vaccine dose is given at birth and that the second dose follows within 2 months.
This article was published in J Med Virol and referenced in Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version