Author(s): Bhm I, Landsiedl F, Bhm I, Landsiedl F, Bhm I, Landsiedl F, Bhm I, Landsiedl F
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Abstract This retrospective study evaluates the results of 35 revision procedures after failed unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) in 34 patients, which were done during the period 1986 to 1996. There were 28 women and 6 men with a mean age of 71 years (range, 54-85 years). In all cases, St. Georg and Endo (W. Link, Hamburg, Germany) unicompartmental prostheses were used except 1 PCA unicondylar implant (How medica, Rutherford, NJ) and 1 Böhler unicondylar implant (Allo Pro, Baar, Switzerland). Failures most frequently were due to aseptic loosening followed by polyethylene wear. Two deep infections occurred. Revisions were performed 1 week to 11 years after UKA; 23 were required within the first 5 years. In most cases, revision was to a total knee arthroplasty. Partial component exchange was done in 9 cases. All 34 patients were evaluated clinically after exchange arthroplasty. After a mean follow-up time of 4 years (range, 1-12.2 years), we found 11 excellent, 13 good, 4 fair, and 7 poor results according to the Hospital for Special Surgery score. The fair and poor results were due to aseptic loosening of the knee prosthesis in 6 knees. One of 2 patients with deep infection needed femoral amputation. With correct indication and considerable surgical experience, UKA is still a good alternative, especially in the elderly patient.
This article was published in J Arthroplasty
and referenced in Journal of Arthritis