alexa Revisiting regulatory T cells in type 1 diabetes.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): Zhang Y, BandalaSanchez E, Harrison LC

Abstract Share this page

Abstract PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Regulatory T cells (Treg) maintain immune homeostasis and prevent autoimmune disease. This review summarizes the recent advances in Treg knowledge relevant to type 1 diabetes, focusing on Treg signature, antigen specificity and development and function in the face of inflammation. RECENT FINDINGS: Thymus-derived natural regulatory T cells (nTreg) programmed by the transcription factor forkhead box P3 (FOXP3) and peripheral-induced regulatory T cells (iTreg) have largely nonoverlapping T-cell receptor repertoires to self-antigens and jointly contribute to immune homeostasis. Initial reports that CD4CD25 (FOXP3) Treg were impaired in frequency or function in type 1 diabetes have not been confirmed. The Treg-specific demethylated region in the FOXP3 locus in nTreg is, in contrast, methylated in iTreg and conventional T cells (Tconv) and is the only feature that reliably distinguishes activated human nTreg and Tconv. Inflammatory cytokines regulate extrathymic differentiation of nTreg but can also reprogram nTreg into Th17 or Th1 effectors and prevent the differentiation of iTreg. SUMMARY: The methylation status of the FOXP3 locus provides a means to re-examine Treg in autoimmune disease. nTreg and iTreg recognize different self-antigens. Shaping of Treg by the cytokine milieu has implications for the application of Treg cell-based immune therapies. This article was published in Curr Opin Endocrinol Diabetes Obes and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords