alexa Rheological studies of erythrocyte-endothelial cell interactions in sickle cell disease.
Haematology

Haematology

Journal of Blood Disorders & Transfusion

Author(s): Barabino GA, McIntire LV, Eskin SG, Sears DA, Udden M, Barabino GA, McIntire LV, Eskin SG, Sears DA, Udden M

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The abnormal adherence of sickle erythrocytes to endothelial cells (EC) has been hypothesized to play a role in the initiation of vaso-occlusion in sickle cell anemia. We studied erythrocyte/endothelial cell interactions under controlled flow conditions for normal (AA), homozygous sickle cell (SS), sickle cell trait (AS), mechanically injured normal, and "high reticulocyte control" red blood cells (RBC). Human umbilical vein endothelial cells grown to confluence on glass slides formed the base of a parallel plate flow chamber into which RBC suspensions were perfused at a constant flow rate, producing a wall shear stress of 1 dyne/cm2. Adhesion was monitored using video microscopy, and the number of adherent RBC was determined at ten-minute intervals during a wash out period. Results indicate that SS RBC were more adherent than AA RBC. Mechanically injured (sheared) RBC were also more adherent than control normal cells, but less adherent than SS RBC. AS RBC did not differ significantly in their adhesive properties from normal RBC. Less dense (younger) RBC were more adherent to EC than dense (older) cells for normal, SS and "high reticulocyte control" RBC. These findings suggest that the increased adhesion of sickle RBC is at least partially related to the increased numbers of young RBC present. Increased adherence of young cells to the EC lining vessel walls could contribute to microvascular occlusion by lengthening vascular transit times of other sickle cells. Microvascular occlusion is a major clinical problem in sickle cell anemia. This obstruction to blood flow could be due to decreased deformability of the cell and its inability to pass through small vessels. If this were the case it would be reasonable to expect that the most severely deformed sickle cells, the irreversibly sickled RBC (ISC), would play an important role in the initiation of vaso-occlusion. However, the number of circulating ISC is not well correlated with the frequency of painful crises and other microvascular occlusive phenomena. Recent evidence suggests that microvascular occlusion may be associated with increased adhesion of sickle cells to vascular endothelial cells. A strong correlation between erythrocyte adherence and clinical vaso-occlusive severity has been reported by Hebbel et al. Hoover et al. and Hebbel et al. demonstrated increased adhesion in static tests.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
This article was published in Prog Clin Biol Res and referenced in Journal of Blood Disorders & Transfusion

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords