alexa Rheumatoid arthritis: a disease associated with accelerated atherogenesis.
Immunology

Immunology

Lupus: Open Access

Author(s): GonzalezGay MA, GonzalezJuanatey C, Martin J

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVES: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic inflammatory disease associated with an increased prevalence of coronary heart disease and a high cardiovascular (CV) mortality. In this article, a review of mechanisms implicated in the development of accelerated atherogenesis in RA was performed. The potential role of treatment to reduce the incidence of CV events in RA was also discussed. METHODS: Retrospective review of the literature. The potential mechanisms implicated in the development of accelerated atherogenesis in RA, information on carotid ultrasonography, and the potential implication of treatment to prevent accelerated atherogenesis in individuals with RA were examined. RESULTS: Endothelial dysfunction, which is an early step in the development of atherosclerosis, has been observed in patients with RA. Deleterious effects resulting from persistent chronic inflammation may lead to endothelial dysfunction, insulin resistance, and a dyslipidemic pattern in these patients. Other mechanisms different from those related to classic atherogenesis risk factors, such as hyperhomocysteinemia and increased oxidative stress, are considered to be implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis in RA. Increased carotid intima-media thickness and carotid plaques have been found in RA patients compared with matched controls. Active MTX treatment of the disease has been associated with decreased CV mortality. Additional drugs such as statins may be considered in the management of these patients. CONCLUSIONS: The increased prevalence of CV mortality rate in RA cannot only be explained by the presence of traditional atherosclerotic risk factors. A chronic inflammatory response may promote the development of accelerated atherogenesis in these patients. Active treatment of the disease is required to reduce the risk of developing CV complications in individuals with RA. This article was published in Semin Arthritis Rheum and referenced in Lupus: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version