Author(s): Fromigu O, Ha E, Modrowski D, Bouvet S, Jacquel A,
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Abstract Osteosarcoma is the most common primary bone tumour in young adults. Despite improved prognosis, resistance to chemotherapy remains responsible for failure of osteosarcoma treatment. The identification of signals that promote apoptosis may provide clues to develop new therapeutic strategies for chemoresistant osteosarcoma. Here, we show that lipophilic statins (atorvastatin, simvastatin, cerivastatin) markedly induce caspases-dependent apoptosis in various human osteosarcoma cells, independently of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2 signaling and cell differentiation. Although statins increased BMP-2 expression, the proapoptotic effect of statins was not prevented by the BMP antagonist noggin, and was abolished by mevalonate and geranylgeranylpyrophosphate, suggesting the involvement of defective protein geranylgeranylation. Consistently, lipophilic statins induced membrane RhoA relocalization to the cytosol and inhibited RhoA activity, which resulted in decreased phospho-p42/p44- mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and Bcl-2 levels. Constitutively active RhoA rescued phospho-p42/p44-MAPKs and Bcl-2 and abolished statin-induced apoptosis. Thus, lipophilic statins induce caspase-dependent osteosarcoma cell apoptosis by a RhoA-p42/p44 MAPKs-Bcl-2-mediated mechanism, independently of BMP-2 signaling and cell differentiation.
This article was published in Cell Death Differ
and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta