Author(s): Kalra SP, Bagnasco M, Otukonyong EE, Dube MG, Kalra PS, Kalra SP, Bagnasco M, Otukonyong EE, Dube MG, Kalra PS
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Abstract The hypothalamus integrates metabolic, neural and hormonal signals to evoke an intermittent appetitive drive in the daily management of energy homeostasis. Three major players identified recently in the feedback communication between the periphery and hypothalamus are leptin, ghrelin and neuropeptide Y (NPY). We propose that reciprocal circadian and ultradian rhythmicities in the afferent humoral signals, anorexigenic leptin from adipocytes and orexigenic ghrelin from stomach, encode a corresponding discharge pattern in the appetite-stimulating neuropeptide Y network in the hypothalamus. An exquisitely intricate temporal relationship among these signaling modalities with varied sites of origin is paramount in sustenance of weight control on a daily basis. Our model envisages that subtle and progressive derangements in temporal communication, imposed by environmental shifts in energy intake, impel a positive energy balance culminating in excessive weight gain and obesity. This conceptual advance provides a new target for designing pharmacologic or gene transfer therapies that would normalize the rhythmic patterns of afferent hormonal and efferent neurochemical messages. Copyright 2003 Elsevier Science B.V.
This article was published in Regul Pept
and referenced in Clinical Pediatrics: Open Access