Author(s): Rogers SO, Bendich AJ, Rogers SO, Bendich AJ
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Abstract Ribosomal RNA genes in plants are highly variable both in copy number and in intergenic spacer (IGS) length. This variability exists not only between distantly related species, but among members of the same genus and also among members of the same population of a single species. Analysis of inheritance indicates that copy number change is rapid, occurring even among somatic cells of individual plants, and that up to 90\% or more of the gene copies are superfluous. Subrepetitive sequences within the IGS appear to be changing rapidly as well. They are not only variable in sequence from one species to the next, but can vary in number between neighboring gene repeats on the chromosome. In all species examined in detail they are located in the same region of the IGS and contain sequences that can be folded into stem-loop structures flanked by a pyrimidine-rich region. It has been suggested that these subrepeats function in transcriptional enhancement, termination or processing, or in recombination events generating the high multiplicity of ribosomal genes.
This article was published in Plant Mol Biol
and referenced in Journal of Biodiversity, Bioprospecting and Development