Author(s): Chakko S, de Marchena E, Kessler KM, Materson BJ, Myerburg RJ
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Abstract Right (RV) and left ventricular (LV) diastolic function was evaluated in 50 patients with mild, uncomplicated essential hypertension using pulsed-wave Doppler echocardiography. Patients with pulmonary, valvular or coronary artery disease were excluded and antihypertensive drugs were discontinued for the 2 weeks preceding the study. Ten normotensive patients without heart disease acted as control subjects. In the hypertensive patients, RV peak velocity of atrial filling was higher (42 +/- 10 vs 31 +/- 7 cm/s, p less than 0.01) and deceleration half-time was prolonged (96 +/- 20 vs 83 +/- 10 ms, difference not significant); ratio of early/atrial filling velocity (1.1 +/- 0.3 vs 1.7 +/- 0.4, p less than 0.001) and peak filling rate corrected to stroke volume (3.6 +/- 0.7 vs 5.3 +/- 0.9 SV/s, p less than 0.001) were lower. LV filling parameters showed similar changes. RV filling parameters did not correlate with age, LV mass or septal thickness but correlated weakly with LV radius/thickness ratio. There was good correlation between RV and the following corresponding LV filling parameters: peak filling rate, r = 0.68, p less than 0.001; ratio of early/atrial filling, r = 0.88, p less than 0.0001; and deceleration half-time, r = 0.62, p less than 0.001. Data indicate that RV diastolic function is abnormal in essential hypertension and these abnormalities are closely related to those of LV diastolic function.
This article was published in Am J Cardiol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology