Author(s): Koltai PJ, Rabkin D, Hoehn J
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Abstract This article presents a retrospective analysis of a selective use of rigid fixation among 62 children with facial fractures, treated at a Level I trauma center over a 5-year period (1986-1991). There were 21 mandible fractures, 11 orbital fractures, 11 zygomaticomalar complex fractures, 7 nasal fractures, 5 maxillary fractures, 3 pan-facial fractures, 2 nasal-orbital-ethmoidal complex fractures, and 2 frontal sinus fractures. Only 18 children had rigid fixation of their injuries. Complications of Le Fort upper facial fractures repaired with rigid fixation involved perioperative sinusitis; one case required oral antibiotics, the other ethmoidectomy and maxillary antrostomy. One child with a Le Fort fracture had delayed exposure of a zygomaticomalar buttress plate, which required surgical removal. Permanent enophthalmos occurred in two children with Le Fort fractures. The authors conclude that traditional conservative management is appropriate in most cases. However, in children aged 13 and older with mandible fractures and children with complex mid- and upper facial fractures, a judicious use of rigid fixation has advantages over the traditional techniques.
This article was published in J Craniomaxillofac Trauma
and referenced in Journal of Trauma & Treatment