alexa Risk assessment in human immunodeficiency virus-associated acute myeloid leukemia.
Infectious Diseases

Infectious Diseases

Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

Author(s): Evans MW, Sung AD, Gojo I, Tidwell M, Greer J

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CD4 count ≤200×10(6) cells/L has been identified as a predictor of short survival in HIV-associated acute myeloid leukemia (HIV-AML), but karyotype, which is the best predictor of survival in AML, has not been evaluated in HIV-AML patients. A retrospective cohort of 31 patients was created from 9 local cases and 22 published cases. HIV-AML karyotypes were heterogeneous and were similar in distribution to those in HIV-negative AML. Among intensively treated patients, most achieved complete remission, but succumbed to infectious complications, mostly non-opportunistic, during consolidation therapy. Median survival for intensively-treated patients with CD4 counts ≤200×10(6) cells/L was 8.5 months, compared to 48 months for those with >200×10(6) CD4 cells/L (p=0.03). In contrast, AML karyotype did not predict survival (p=0.43), albeit with small numbers in each karyotype group. Thus, CD4 count is a strong predictor of short survival in HIV-AML patients regardless of karyotype. Studies evaluating innovative strategies for infection prophylaxis and for improving immune reconstitution are needed.

This article was published in Leuk Lymphoma. and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

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