alexa Risk associated with preoperative anemia in noncardiac surgery: a single-center cohort study.


Journal of Blood Disorders & Transfusion

Author(s): Beattie WS, Karkouti K, Wijeysundera DN, Tait G

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Preoperative anemia is an important risk factor for perioperative red blood cell transfusions and has been shown to be independently associated with adverse outcomes after noncardiac surgery. The objective of this observational study was to measure the prevalence of preoperative anemia and assess the relationship between preoperative anemia and postoperative mortality. METHODS: Data were retrospectively collected on 7,759 consecutive noncardiac surgical patients at the University Health Network between 2003 and 2006. Preoperative anemia was defined as a hemoglobin concentration less than 12.0 g/dl for women and less than 13.0 g/dl for men. The unadjusted and adjusted relationship between preoperative anemia and mortality was assessed using logistic regression and propensity analyses. RESULTS: Preoperative anemia was common and equal between genders (39.5\% for men and 39.9\% for women) and was associated with a nearly five-fold increase in the odds of postoperative mortality. After adjustment for major confounders using logistic regression, anemia was still associated with increased mortality (odds ratio, 2.36; 95\% confidence interval, 1.57-3.41). This relationship was unchanged after elimination of patients with severe anemia and patients who received transfusions. In a propensity-matched cohort of patients, anemia was associated with increased mortality (odds ratio, 2.29; 95\% confidence interval, 1.45-3.63). CONCLUSIONS: Anemia is a common condition in surgical patients and is independently associated with increased mortality. Although anemia increases mortality independent of transfusion, it is associated with increased requirement for transfusion, which is also associated with increased mortality. Treatment of preoperative anemia should be the focus of investigations for the reduction of perioperative risk. This article was published in Anesthesiology and referenced in Journal of Blood Disorders & Transfusion

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version