Author(s): Siziya S, Rusakaniko S, Tshimanga M, Marufu T
Abstract Share this page
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To determine levels of perceived risk of HIV infection and the determinants of these perceptions among commercial farm workers. DESIGN: Cross sectional. SETTING: Commercial farms in Manicaland, Mashonaland Central, Mashonaland West and Mashonaland East provinces of Zimbabwe. SUBJECTS: 406 male and 411 female adults. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Perceived risk of HIV infection. RESULTS: Out of 33 female respondents aged less than 20 years, 19 (57.6\%) reported that they had no chance of acquiring the HIV infection. The majority (15) of these 19 teenagers indicated that they had no chance of being HIV infected because they had sex only with their spouses. Of the respondents aged 20 years or more, 235 (64.6\%) males and 182 (55.3\%) females reported that they had no chance of being HIV infected (OR = 1.47, 95\% CI 1.07 to 2.02, p = 0.016). Most males (57.0\%) and females (59.9\%) of age 20 years or more said that they had no chance of being HIV infected because they had sex with only their spouses. Among the respondents of age 20 years or more who indicated they had a moderate to high chance of being infected or were already infected, 35 (33.3\%) of the males reported that they had multiple partners and 41 (40.6\%) of the females reported that their spouses had multiple partners. CONCLUSION: In general, despite high seroprevalence rates in Zimbabwe, many individuals do not perceive themselves at risk. Future health education intervention studies should seek to increase the general perception of low risk so that adequate precaution can be taken against being infected.
This article was published in Cent Afr J Med
and referenced in Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics