alexa Risk factors for BK virus infection in the era of therapeutic drug monitoring.
Psychiatry

Psychiatry

Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Author(s): BorniDuval C, Caillard S, Olagne J, Perrin P, BraunParvez L,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Overimmunosuppression is a widely recognized risk factor for BK virus (BKV) infection, particularly with the combination of tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), and steroids. Nevertheless, the exact impact of exposure to tacrolimus and MMF is not well understood. METHODS: We examined 240 kidney recipients between 2006 and 2008. BKV was monitored every 2 months in the urine or blood. A kidney biopsy was performed when viremia exceeded 10 copies/mL. RESULTS: Ninety-five (40\%) patients had sustained viruria, 48 (20\%) sustained viremia, and 17 (7\%) biopsy-proven polyomavirus-associated nephropathy. The mean time-to-occurrence was 7.6, 7.9, and 9.7 months for viruria, viremia, and polyomavirus-associated nephropathy. Risk factors associated with BKV infection in univariate analyses were retransplantation, panel-reactive antibody more than 0\%, cytomegalovirus D+/R-, cold ischemia time, delayed graft function, induction with antithymocyte globulins, acute rejection before month 3 (M3), tacrolimus trough levels more than 10 ng/mL, and M3 AUC0-12 hr more than 50 hr mg/L. Multivariate analyses showed that cytomegalovirus D+/R- (adjusted hazard ratio [AHR], 2.03; P=0.05), acute rejection (AHR, 5.4; P<0.001), and mycophenolic acid AUC0-12 hr more than 50 hr mg/L (AHR, 3.6; P=0.001) were risk factors for BKV. CONCLUSIONS: This study identified a link between a state of increased immunosuppression and BKV infection, especially in patients with higher MMF exposure and elevated tacrolimus trough levels at M3. This article was published in Transplantation and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords