Author(s): Patel V, Kirkwood BR, Pednekar S, Weiss H, Mabey D, Patel V, Kirkwood BR, Pednekar S, Weiss H, Mabey D
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Abstract BACKGROUND: The determinants of common mental disorders in women have not been described in longitudinal studies from a low-income country. METHOD: Population-based cohort study of 2494 women aged 18 to 50 years, in India. The Revised Clinical Interview Schedule was used for the detection of common mental disorders. RESULTS: There were 39 incident cases of common mental disorder in 2166 participants eligible for analysis (12-month rate 1.8\%, 95\% CI 1.3-2.4\%). The following baseline factors were independently associated with the risk for common mental disorder: poverty (low income and having difficulty making ends meet); being married as compared with being single; use of tobacco; experiencing abnormal vaginal discharge; reporting a chronic physical illness; and having higher psychological symptom scores at baseline. CONCLUSIONS: Programmes to reduce the burden of common mental disorder in women should target poorer women, women with chronic physical illness and who have gynaecological symptoms, and women who use tobacco.
This article was published in Br J Psychiatry
and referenced in Journal of Psychiatry