Author(s): Philpott H, Nandurkar S, Royce SG, Thien F, Gibson PR, Philpott H, Nandurkar S, Royce SG, Thien F, Gibson PR
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Abstract Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a chronic antigen driven disease, whereby food and/or aeroallergens result in inflammation and luminal narrowing, and the clinical symptoms of dysphagia and food bolus obstruction events (FBOE). Established risk factors are male gender, Caucasian race and atopy. Increased risk amongst family members, and a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in a gene coding thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) on the pseudoautosomal region of the X and Y chromosomes supports a genetic predisposition. Environmental factors including the timing and nature of food and aeroallergen exposure to the developing immune system may be important, whilst esophageal barrier function integrity and the influence of microbiota are worthy of future research. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
This article was published in Clin Exp Allergy
and referenced in Journal of Liver