Author(s): Vochteloo AJ, van VlietKoppert ST, Maier AB, Tuinebreijer WE, Rling ML,
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Abstract INTRODUCTION: Long-term place of residence after hip fracture is not often described in literature. The goal of this study was to identify risk factors, known at admission, for failure to return to the pre-fracture place of residence of hip fracture patients in the first year after a hip fracture. METHODS: This is a prospective longitudinal study of 444 consecutive admissions of hip fracture patients aged ≥ 65 years. Place of residence prior to admission, at discharge, after 3 and 12 months was registered. Patients admitted from a nursing home (n = 49) were excluded from statistical analysis. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed, using age, gender, presence of a partner, ASA-score, dementia, anaemia at admission, type of fracture, pre-fracture level of mobility and level of activities of daily living (ADL) as possible risk factors. RESULTS: Two hundred eighty-nine patients lived in their own home, 31.8\% returned at discharge, 72.9\% at 3 months and 72.8\% at 12 months. Age, absence of a partner, dementia, and a lower pre-fracture level of ADL or mobility were independent contributors to failure to return to their own home at discharge, 3 or 12 months. 106 patients lived in a residential home; 33.3\% returned at discharge, 68.4\% at 3 months and 64.4\% at 12 months. Age was an independent contributor to failure to return to a residential home. CONCLUSIONS: Age, dementia and a lower pre-fracture level of ADL were the main significant risk factors for failure to return to the pre-fracture residence. As the 3- and 12-month return-rates were similar, 3-month follow-up might be used as an endpoint in future research.
This article was published in Arch Orthop Trauma Surg
and referenced in International Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation