alexa Risk factors for late onset gram-negative infections: a case-control study.
Reproductive Medicine

Reproductive Medicine

Journal of Pregnancy and Child Health

Author(s): Samanta S, Farrer K, Breathnach A, Heath PT

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence, mortality and risk factors for neonatal late onset gram-negative sepsis and meningitis (LOGNS). DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study. SETTING: Tertiary neonatal unit in London. PATIENTS: Consecutive inborn infants with late onset (>48 h of life) invasive gram-negative infections diagnosed between 1999 and 2005. Controls were healthy infants matched for gestation and time of admission to the neonatal unit. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Clinical and risk factor data. RESULTS: 73 cases of LOGNS were identified of which 48 were inborn and included in the study (incidence 1.85/1000 live births). Enterobacter spp. (28\%), Escherichia coli (27\%) and Klebsiella spp. (21\%) were the most common pathogens. The majority of infants were of very low birthweight (VLBW; 79\%), and cases and controls were well matched (median gestation 26 weeks). Overall case death was 27\% in cases versus 13.5\% in controls (p=0.08). There was no significant difference between cases and controls regarding maternal risk factors. Mechanical ventilation, total parenteral nutrition (TPN) and its duration, presence of a central venous line and its duration, use of specific antibiotics and the occurrence of necrotising enterocolitis at or before the first positive culture were all significantly associated with case status in univariate analysis. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, only duration of TPN at or before first positive blood culture remained independently associated with LOGNS (p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: LOGNS occurs predominantly in VLBW infants. When the influence of gestational age is accounted for, the only independent risk factor found for late onset gram-negative neonatal infections is the duration of TPN. This article was published in Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed and referenced in Journal of Pregnancy and Child Health

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords