Author(s): Cundiff GW, Edward Varner, Anthony G Visco, Halina M Zyczynski, Peggy A Norton
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify risks for mesh/suture erosions following abdominal sacral colpopexy (ASC).
STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed demographic, perioperative variables, and erosion status in 322 participants in the Colpopexy and Urinary Reduction Efforts study 2 years after sacral colpopexy.
RESULTS: The predominant graft used was synthetic mesh: woven polyester (Mersilene; Ethicon, Inc, Somerville, NJ) (42%) or polypropylene (48%). Twenty subjects (6%) experienced mesh/suture erosion. Unadjusted risk factors for mesh/suture erosion were expanded polytrafluroethylene (ePTFE) mesh (ePTFE 4/21 [19%] vs non-ePTFE 16/301 [5%]; odds ratio [OR], 4.2), concurrent hysterectomy (OR, 4.9), and current smoking (OR, 5.2). Of those with mesh erosion, most affected women (13/17) underwent at least 1 surgery for partial or total mesh removal. Two were completely resolved, 6 had persistent problems, and 5 were lost to follow-up. No resolution was documented in the 4 women who elected observation.
CONCLUSION: Expanded PTFE mesh should not be used for sacral colpopexy. Concurrent hysterectomy and smoking are modifiable risks for mesh/suture erosion.Medical & Surgical Urology