Author(s): Locker D, Leake JL
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Abstract This study examined risk indicators and risk markers for periodontal disease experience in 624 adults aged 50 years and over living independently in four communities in Ontario, Canada. The data were collected as part of the baseline phase of a longitudinal study of the oral health and treatment needs of this population. Periodontal disease experience was assessed in terms of attachment loss, measured at two sites on each remaining tooth. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were used to examine the relationship between a number of sociodemographic, general health, psychosocial, and oral health variables and three indicators of periodontal disease experience. These were: mean attachment loss, the proportion of sites examined with loss of 2 mm or more, and the probability of the subjects having severe disease, arbitrarily defined as a mean attachment loss in the upper 20th percentile of the distribution. Mean attachment loss was 2.95 mm (SD = 1.41 mm), and 76.6\% of sites examined had loss of 2 mm or more. In bivariate analyses, the most consistent predictors of periodontal disease experience were: age, education, income, smoking, dental visiting, the number of remaining teeth, the number of decayed coronal surfaces, and the number of decayed root surfaces. In multivariate analyses, age, education, current smoking status, and the number of teeth had the most consistent independent effects. These data confirm the results of recent US studies indicating that periodontal disease experience is influenced by social and behavioral factors.
This article was published in J Dent Res
and referenced in Dentistry