alexa Risks and complications of transrectal ultrasound guided prostate needle biopsy: a prospective study and review of the literature.
Reproductive Medicine

Reproductive Medicine

Andrology-Open Access

Author(s): Rodrguez LV, Terris MK

Abstract Share this page

Abstract PURPOSE: Transrectal ultrasound guided needle biopsy of the prostate is routinely performed to diagnose and stage prostate cancer. We prospectively evaluated the true incidence of complications and identified risk factors of needle biopsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively studied 128 patients who underwent transrectal ultrasound guided needle biopsy. A pre-biopsy questionnaire provided demographic information. Immediate complications were recorded by the surgical team at the procedure. Information on delayed complications was obtained by telephone interview. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed. RESULTS: There was 1 major and 135 minor complications in 77 patients with at least 1 complication in 63.6\%. Most patients tolerated the procedure with minimal discomfort regardless of the number and location of biopsies but younger patients had significantly more discomfort than older men (R = -0.26, p = 0.005). The most common complication was persistent hematuria in 47.1\% of cases. None of the hemorrhagic complications was related to previous aspirin or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug use, or the total number of biopsies performed. Infectious complications were rare with only a 1.7\% incidence of fever. This rate was associated with the choice of antibiotic combination used (R = 0.25, p = 0.006). CONCLUSIONS: Transrectal ultrasound guided needle biopsy is safe for diagnosing prostate cancer with few major but frequent minor complications. Patients are likely to have persistent hematuria for up to 3 to 7 days after the procedure. Recent use of aspirin or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs is not an absolute contraindication for this procedure. Additional analgesics are not required in patients who undergo anterior or multiple biopsies but they may be useful in younger patients.
This article was published in J Urol and referenced in Andrology-Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version