alexa Robotic colorectal surgery: first 50 cases experience.
Engineering

Engineering

Advances in Robotics & Automation

Author(s): Spinoglio G, Summa M, Priora F, Quarati R, Testa S

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Abstract PURPOSE: Laparoscopic colorectal surgery is believed to be technically and oncologically feasible. However, some limitation of traditional laparoscopic surgery may cause difficulties. Robotic-assisted surgery may overcome these pitfalls. METHODS: From December 2005 to July 2007, 50 patients were selected for robotic-assisted colorectal resection mainly for cancer. RESULTS: Of the 50 patients enrolled, 32 (64 percent) were men and 18 (36 percent) were women. Their mean age was 66.7 (range, 37-92) years. The American Society of Anesthesiologists' (ASA) class distribution was 13 (26 percent) ASA I, 24 (48 percent) ASA II, 12 (24 percent) ASA III, and 1 (2 percent) ASA IV. Forty-four patients suffered from cancer and six patients from benign disease. Amongst the cancer patients, 3 percent were at UICC (International Union Against Cancer) Stage 0, 36 percent at UICC Stage I, 24 percent at Stage II, 28 percent at Stage III, and 9 percent at Stage IV. The global conversion rate was 4 percent. The mean operative time was 338.8 minutes. It decreased as the experience increased (419 minutes in the first 20 cases vs. 346 minutes in the last 30 cases; P = 0.036). As a gross comparison, the results of a coeval standard laparoscopy group of patients were shown. CONCLUSIONS: Robotic laparoscopic colon surgery is feasible and safe. A longer operating time is needed. This article was published in Dis Colon Rectum and referenced in Advances in Robotics & Automation

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