Author(s): Rougeot C, RosinskiChupin I, Mathison R, Rougeon F
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Abstract The cervical sympathetic trunk-submandibular gland neuroendocrine axis plays an integral role in physiological adaptations and contributes to the maintenance of systemic homeostasis, particularly under the 'stress conditions' seen with tissue damage, inflammation, and aggressive behavior. The variety of polypeptides, whose release from acinar and ductal cells is under sympathetic nervous system control, offers coordinated and progressive levels of endocrine communication. Proteolytic enzymes (e.g. the kallikreins and furin maturases) are involved in the conversion of inactive precursors (e. g. Pro-EGF and SMR1) into biologically active molecules (e.g. EGF, SMR1-pentapeptide), which act on local or distant targets and thereby modulate the homeostatic process.
This article was published in Peptides
and referenced in Biochemistry & Analytical Biochemistry