alexa Role and action in the pituitary corticotroph of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) in the hypothalamus.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): Kageyama K, Suda T

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF), produced in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) in response to stress, stimulates the synthesis and secretion of adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) via CRF receptor type 1 (CRF(1) receptor) in the anterior pituitary (AP) of mammals. CRF is critical for the circadian rhythmicity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and the augmented release of ACTH from the pituitary in response to the stress. A higher molecular weight form of immunoreactive beta-endorphin, putative proopiomelanocortin (POMC), is increased in CRF-knockout mice (CRF KO), suggesting the important role of CRF in the processing of POMC. In fact, CRF is able to modulate the processing of POMC through changes in prohormone convertase (PC)-1 expression levels. Multiple forms of ACTH-related peptides containing unprocessed ones are present in some cases of ACTH-producing tumors, presumably without action of PC-1 under the control of CRF. Following CRF-activated stimulation of the receptor signaling, CRF(1) receptor is down-regulated and desensitized. In fact, CRF facilitates the degradation of CRF(1) receptor mRNA via the protein kinase A pathway. Prolonged agonist activation of CRF(1) receptor leads to a loss of responsiveness, or desensitization of the receptor. G protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 is involved in desensitization of CRF(1) receptor by CRF in the corticotroph. This article was published in Peptides and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version