alexa Role of a distal enhancer in the transcriptional responsiveness of the human CD200 gene to interferon-gamma and tumor necrosis factor-alpha.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy

Author(s): Chen Z, Marsden PA, Gorczynski RM

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Abstract CD200 plays an important role in prevention of graft rejection, autoimmune diseases and spontaneous abortion by delivering an immunoregulatory signal through interaction with its receptor. It also plays a role in regulating tumor immunity. We previously documented evidence for C/EBP beta as being important in the regulation of constitutive expression of CD200. However, the molecular mechanism(s) controlling inducible expression of CD200 are yet to be explored. Here we address the regulated expression of human CD200 by T cells in response to Con A, IFN-gamma or/and TNF-alpha. A prominent DNase I hypersensitivity site (DHS) was localized approximately 5.4 kb upstream of the major transcriptional start site. Four cis-elements were identified within this genomic region: one nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) site, one IFN-gamma activation site (GAS) element and two IFN-stimulated response element (ISRE) for binding of interferon-regulatory factors (IRFs), respectively. Mutation of the NF-kappaB site, GAS or one but not the other of ISREs dramatically reduced the luciferase activity. These findings were further confirmed by chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assays using antibodies against NF-kappaB p65, STAT1alpha, and IRF-1. All the above findings suggest that IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha induce CD200 expression through a 5' upstream enhancer and that NF-kappaB, STAT1 and IRF-1 play pivotal roles in this process. This article was published in Mol Immunol and referenced in Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy

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