alexa Role of adiponectin system in insulin resistance.
Microbiology

Microbiology

Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology

Author(s): Caselli C

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Abstract The knowledge of the pathogenesis of obesity and its metabolic sequelae has significantly advanced over the last few decades and adipose tissue is now considered a link between obesity and insulin resistance. Adiponectin, one of the major adipocyte-secreted proteins, has attracted scientific interest in recent years and has been extensively studied both in human and animal models. Adiponectin exerts insulin-sensitizing effects through binding to its receptors, leading to activation of AMPK, PPAR-α, and potentially other unknown molecular pathways. In obesity-linked insulin resistance, both adiponectin and adiponectin receptors are downregulated, leading to activation of signaling pathways involved in metabolism regulation. Up-regulation of adiponectin/adiponectin receptors or enhancing adiponectin receptor function may be an interesting therapeutic strategy for obesity-linked insulin resistance. In this review we will focus on the recent research related to the relationship between the adiponectin system and insulin resistance. The potential use of adiponectin or its receptor for therapeutic intervention will be also discussed. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. This article was published in Mol Genet Metab and referenced in Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology

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