Author(s): Lee SA, Dritschilo A, Jung M
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Abstract Ionizing radiation-induced phosphorylation of the transcription factor c-Jun is impaired in cells derived from individuals with ataxia telangiectasia (AT), in which the ATM gene is mutated. We demonstrate here that ATM modulates c-Jun phosphorylation following exposure to ionizing radiation as well as treatment with CdCl(2), a potent pro-oxidant. Exposure of AT and control fibroblasts to CdCl(2) induced a biphasic increase in c-Jun phosphorylation on serine residues 63 and 73, with the extent of the second phase being markedly greater in AT cells than in control cells. Heme oxygenase-1, a marker of oxidative stress, was also significantly induced in AT fibroblasts. Expression of recombinant ATM in AT fibroblasts, however, reduced the extent of the effects of CdCl(2) on both c-Jun phosphorylation and heme oxygenase-1 induction. Our data suggest that ATM contributes to oxidative stress-mediated signaling that leads to c-Jun phosphorylation by acting as a sensor of ionizing radiation-induced oxidative stress and by modulating intracellular redox homeostasis.
This article was published in J Biol Chem
and referenced in Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics