alexa Role of caspases in male infertility.
Reproductive Medicine

Reproductive Medicine

Andrology-Open Access

Author(s): Said TM, Paasch U, Glander HJ, Agarwal A

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Apoptosis is characterized by a variety of changes resulting in the recognition and phagocytosis of apoptotic cells. Caspases (cysteinyl aspartate-specific proteinases) play a central role in the regulation of apoptosis in the human seminiferous epithelium. They are expressed as inactive proenzymes and participate in a cascade triggered in response to pro-apoptotic signals. To date, 14 caspases have been implicated in the human apoptotic pathway cascade. Among these, caspase-3 is considered to be a major executioner protease. Since apoptosis is a universal suicide system in almost all cells, a close control via molecular, endocrine and physical factors establishes homeostasis of cell growth and death. The proper regulation of the caspase cascade plays an important role in sperm differentiation and testicular maturity. However, caspases have been implicated in the pathogenesis of multiple andrological pathologies such as impaired spermatogenesis, decreased sperm motility and increased levels of sperm DNA fragmentation, testicular torsion, varicocele and immunological infertility. Future research may provide a better understanding of the regulation of caspases, which may help us to manipulate the apoptotic machinery for therapeutic benefits. In this review, we summarize the consequences of caspase activation, aiming to clarify their role in the pathogenesis of male infertility.
This article was published in Hum Reprod Update and referenced in Andrology-Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords